1916-10-04-DE-002
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Source: DE/PA-AA/R14093
Publication: DuA Dok. 302 (re.)
Central register: 1916-A-27493
Embassy register: 10-12/1916/II 7596
Edition: Genocide 1915/16
Date of entry in central register: 10/10/1916 p.m.
Embassy/consular serial number:
Translated by: Vera Draack (Translation sponsored by Zoryan Institute)
Last updated: 04/22/2012


From the Chargé d’Affaires in Constantinople (Radowitz) to the Reichskanzler (Bethmann Hollweg)

Report



Therapia, 4 October 1916

1 Enclosure.

Copy

The enclosed copy of the statistical record sent here by the Imperial Consul in Aleppo and drawn up by Beatrice Rohner, a sister from the German Relief Association for Christian Labours of Love in the Middle East, on the 720 Armenian orphans left in her care deserves consideration in several respects: it gives the first fairly safe clue in order to at least roughly calculate the percentage of those Armenians who died during the evacuation. Sister Rohner’s 720 wards are the last of 3336 persons; if one now estimates the total number of Turkish Armenians at 2.5 million and the number of deported at 2 million, and if the same relationship is assumed between the survivors and those killed as for Sister Rohner’s orphans, a figure of over 1.5 million killed and approximately 425000 survivors is reached. Previously, estimations of those killed have been between 800000 and 1 million [in the handwritten original text: 1,100,000] and, considering the above, they do not seem to be exaggerated.

Another point which must be emphasised concerns the alarmingly large number of mothers who died a violent death (379) while only 321 fathers are listed as having died of unnatural causes. This statistic on hand finally confirms the fact, also reported from other sources, that against the express orders of the central government the families of those men were deported who had been conscripted into military service. The statistics list no less than 246 such cases.


Radowitz


Enclosure 1

Imperial German Consulate.

K.No. 89/No. 2605.


Aleppo, 15 September 1916.

1 Enclosure.

Your Excellency, I have the honour of sending for your gracious attention the enclosed statistic for the month of August, drawn up by Sister Beatrice Rohner, on the 720 orphans put in her care as a result of the deportation of the Armenians.


[Roessler]


Enclosure 2


Statistical report on 720 children who were in our orphanage in August 1916.


Home address Number
Vilayet Sivas 142
Vilayet Erzurum 50
Vilayet Aleppo 189
Vilayet Adana 162
Vilayet Angora 21
Vilayet Harput 34
Vilayet Konia 11
Vilayet Brussa 22
Vilayet Diyarbekr 50
Vilayet Constantinople 3
Mezré 9
Adiaman 3
Smyrna 1
Ismid 2
From Egypt 1
Home address unknown 40
720

Fathers of the children
killed 152
died from the deprivations and
hardships along the way 85
killed in massacre of
Adana 32
conscripted by military 107
exiled 52
in jail 11
still alive 80
in the United States 10
died before being deported 129
missing 62
720

Mothers of the children
died in exile 282
still in exile 91
converted to Islam 4
alive 97
died before being deported 53
Children who could give no
information on their mothers 193
720

Children’s denomination
Gregorian 554
Protestant 106
Catholic 2
Sabbatists 1
Denomination not determined 39
720



Average age of the children: 9 17/36 years
Children who were formerly in orphanages: 40
Number of fathers who died of unnatural causes 321
Number of fathers who died of natural causes 129
Number of fathers whose life is in danger 170
Number of fathers who were separated from their children due to military service 107
Number of fathers who were deported and, thus, lost to their children 394
Number of mothers who died of unnatural causes 379
Number of mothers who died of natural causes 53
Number of mothers whose life is in danger 91
Number of mothers who were deported and, thus, lost to their children 474
Mothers who were deported while their husbands served in the army 246
Members of children’s families who died during deportation 2616
Members of children’s families who died during deportation
(on average) 3 3/5
Children aged 1 to 6 who couldn’t give any information 126
Orphans 258
Only two left from the entire family 144
Only one left from the entire family 239
[Notice Radowitz]

The figures are very interesting. Most characteristic is the column "Mothers who were deported while their husbands served in the army"!



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